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Edward Hicks was born into an Anglican family with Tory leanings. After his mother's death and father's forced seclusion during the Revolution, he was taken in and raised by a Quaker family. In his teens, Hicks apprenticed to a coachmaker and learned the craft of decorative painting. He was accepted into the Society of Friends and became highly regarded as a minister. As Quaker ministers were not compensated for their work, Hicks continued to paint to earn income, and about 1820 he developed his peaceable kingdom formula which he painted dozens of times. The inspiration for this picture came from a Bible engraving by Richard Westall to illustrate Isaiah 11:6-9. Hicks incorporated a vignette of William Penn's treaty with the Indians, derived from a painting by Benjamin West, to further symbolize the Quaker values of peace and harmony.
depth 1.25 in ; height 34.25 in ; width 38.5 in